# Mathematics - Year 8

Below you will find more specific information about the curriculum in mathematics for Year 8 students, explaining to you what students will learn, when, why and how. There is also information about how parents/carers are able to support students in their learning, extra-curricular opportunities in this subject and how mathematics links to other subjects and the wider world.

Subject Key Concepts

#1 Number         #2 Algebra           #3 Ratio, Proportion and Rates of Change

#4 Geometry and Measure        #5 Probability               #6 Statistics

Please click here for Subject Key Concepts.

Curriculum Overview for the year

 Term Topic / Key Concepts   Specific Knowledge Class 8M1   8M2 8M4   8M5 8M7 Autumn Term ·  Multiplying and dividing including negatives ·  Multiples, factors, HCF, LCM and primes ·  Use squares, square roots, cubes, cube roots and ·  Index notation ·  Prime decomposition ·  Linear sequences ·  Introduction to quadratic sequences   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 1 ·  Angle rules ·  Constructions ·  Pythagoras’ theorem ·  Basic trigonometry   STATISTICS 1 ·  Probability ·  Venn diagrams   NUMBER 2 ·  Fractions ·  Convert between fractions, decimals and percentages ·  Percentages   ALGEBRA 2 ·  Simplifying expressions ·  Expanding brackets ·  Factorising ·  Laws of indices NUMBER AND ALGEBRA 1 ·  Adding, subtracting multiplying and dividing including negatives ·  Multiples, factors, HCF, LCM and primes ·  Use squares, square roots, cubes, cube roots and ·  Index notation ·  Prime decomposition ·  Linear sequences   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 1 ·  Angle rules ·  Constructions   STATISTICS 1 ·  Probability ·  Venn diagrams   NUMBER 2 ·  Fractions ·  Convert between fractions, decimals and percentages ·  Percentages   ALGEBRA 2 ·  Order of operations / BODMAS ·  Simplifying expressions ·  Expanding brackets ·  Factorising ·  Laws of indices NUMBER AND ALGEBRA 1 ·  Adding, subtracting multiplying and dividing including negatives ·  Multiples, factors, HCF, LCM and primes ·  Use squares, square roots, cubes, cube roots and ·  Index notation ·  Prime decomposition ·  Linear sequences   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 1 ·  Measure & draw angles ·  Angle rules ·  Properties of quadrilaterals ·  Constructions   STATISTICS 1 ·  Probability ·  Venn diagrams   NUMBER 2 ·  Fractions ·  Convert between fractions, decimals and percentages ·  Percentages   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 2 ·  Area ·  Surface area ·  Volume ·  Metric unit conversions ·  Read scales   ALGEBRA 2 ·  Simplifying expressions ·  Expanding brackets ·  Laws of indices Spring Term GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 2 ·  Area of circle, circumference, arc length ·  Surface area ·  Volume ·  Conversions of metric units for area and volume   NUMBER 3 ·  Multiplying & dividing with decimals ·  Rounding to significant figures ·  Standard form ·  Using a calculator   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 3 ·  Congruence ·  Transformations ·  Similar triangles ·  Ratios of area & volume   ALGEBRA 3 ·  Linear graphs ·  Quadratic graphs ·  Real-life & distance-time graphs   ALGEBRA 4 ·  Linear equations ·  Substitution GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 2 ·  Area ·  Surface area ·  Volume   ALGEBRA 3 ·  Linear graphs ·  Introduction to quadratic graphs ·  Real-life & distance-time graphs   NUMBER 3 ·  Multiplying & dividing with decimals ·  Rounding including significant figures ·  Standard form ·  Using a calculator   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 3 ·  Congruence ·  Transformations ·  Symmetry ·  Ratios of area & volume   ALGEBRA 4 ·  Linear equations ·  Substitution ·  Changing the subject of formulae ALGEBRA 3 ·  Coordinates ·  Linear graphs ·  Real-life & distance-time graphs   NUMBER 3 ·  Written methods for multiplying & dividing ·  Adding and subtracting decimals ·  Rounding including significant figures ·  Standard form ·  Using a calculator   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 3 ·  Congruence ·  Transformations   ALGEBRA 4 ·  Linear equations ·  Substitution Summer Term STATISTICS 2 ·  Collecting data ·  Averages & range ·  Charts & graphs ·  Cumulative frequency ·  Box plots ·  Pythagoras   NUMBER 4 ·   Fractions, decimals & percentages ·   Order of operation / BODMAS   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 4 ·    Loci Scale drawing & bearings STATISTICS 2 ·  Collecting data ·  Averages & range ·  Charts & graphs ·  Pythagoras   NUMBER 4 ·  Multiplying and dividing decimals ·  Order of operation / BODMAS   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 4 ·  Midpoint of a line ·  Constructions ·  Scale drawing & bearings STATISTICS 2 ·  Pie charts ·  Interpreting charts & graphs ·  Scatter diagrams & correlation   STATISTICS 3 ·   Bar charts ·   Averages & range   NUMBER 4 ·   Multiplying and dividing decimals ·   Order of operation / BODMAS   GEOMETRY AND MEASURES 4 ·   Ratio ·   Midpoint of a line ·   Scale drawing & bearings ·   Plans & elevations

Useful documents:

While this information covers a broad range of areas, please do get in touch with the Year 8 Subject Lead Mr Smith if you have any questions.

Please click on the questions below to find out more.

#### How are groups organised?

The year group is sorted into ability groups based on year 7 end of year exam results and classwork and tests done over the year.

#### What characteristics does a successful mathematics student have?

A mathematical student will be inquisitive looking for links between different topics and how they link to other subjects. They will enjoy problem solving and always be willing to give a question a go and persevere even if it does not go right the first time.

#### How will students learn at this level?

Mathematics is taught using a variety of techniques including the use of calculators but also written methods. There are opportunities for students to work individually, in pairs and in small groups. Students are expected to be able to explain their methods and show workings to support their answers.

#### How will students’ learning be assessed at this level?

Students have a test approximately one per half term covering three modules of work at a time.  They also have homework set weekly.

#### When do key assessments take place?

In June, soon after half term Year 8 students sit summer exams covering all of the work done during the year.

#### How can parents/carers support students’ learning?

• Monitor that your child is doing homework set to the best of their ability and is being proactive when they do not understand.
• When a test/exam is coming up, there will always be revision sheets provided. Make sure that your child uses them when revising, possibly redoing questions they have had difficulty with.
• Encourage them to work on My Maths or Maths Watch to look up topics they need more support or further practice on.

#### What equipment do students need for this subject?

• Scientific calculator – can be purchased from school
• Pair of compasses
• Protractor
• Ruler
• Pen
• Pencil

#### How does mathematics link to other subjects?

Science and Technology - Science and Maths are intimately connected, particularly in fields such as chemistry, astronomy and physics. Students who can't master basic arithmetic skills will struggle to read scientific charts and graphs. More complex Maths such as geometry and algebra can help students solve scientific problems. Maths is also important in practical sciences, such as engineering and computer science. Students may have to solve equations when writing computer programs and figuring out algorithms.

Humanities - Humanities often require students to review charts and graphs that provide data or information. Knowledge of basic mathematical terms and formulas makes statistical information accessible.

The Arts - Musical rhythm often follows complex mathematical series, and Maths can help students learn the basic rhythms of dances used in ballet and theatre performances. Art thrives on geometry, and students who understand basic geometric formulas can craft impressive art pieces.

#### What websites or resources may be helpful to support students’ learning?

MyMaths

BBC Bitesize for Key Stage 3

vle.mathswatch.co.uk

CGP Key Stage 3 Workbooks and Revision Guides

#### What extra-curricular or enrichment opportunities are available for students in mathematics at this level?

• Lunchtime Maths club
• Hertfordshire Maths Challenge

#### What sort of careers can mathematics lead to?

• Business decision making;
• Engineering and construction;
• Accountancy and other financial services;
• Statistical analysis e.g. business, sport etc.;
• Encryption coding;
• Security;
• Visual presentation of data-media services;
• Catering industry and a myriad of other careers.

#### What does student’s work look like in mathematics at this level?

Students mostly work in squared exercise books or on worksheets stuck into the books.

#### How does mathematics support a broad and balanced curriculum, meeting the needs of all students, and developing traditional core skills?

Broad and balanced curriculum - Maths links to multiple subject areas using a range of skills. We deal with all major concepts of maths in every term. Many of the topics are covered in real world concepts.

Meeting the needs of all students - The students are taught in ability groups within their bands. There are different resources used according to ability.

Traditional core skills - Non-calculator techniques are emphasised throughout and mental problem solving skills are encouraged. Students are taught how to use a calculator, checking the output makes sense rather than just blindly believing the answer given.

#### How does this subject promote creativity, critical thinking, practice, perseverance and resilience, and making links?

Creativity and critical thinking - Problem solving and making links between different concepts.

Practice, perseverance and resilience - We actively encourage students to revise for tests and exams and to always have a go at a question

Making links - Where possible, links are made between different subject areas such as Geography and Science.

#### How does this subject encourage enrichment and the development of cultural capital, deep learning, and inclusivity?

Enrichment and cultural capital - Links are made to a variety of other subjects from science, economics, music, art.

Deep learning - Topics are presented in different contexts to encourage the use of different strategies and deeper understanding

Inclusivity - The context of questions is closely monitored and adapted if necessary