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Geography - Year 8

Mathematics - Year 7

Click here to return to our Geography curriculum overview

Below you will find more specific information about the curriculum in Geography for Year 8 students, explaining to you what students will learn, when, why and how. There is also information about how parents/carers are able to support students in their learning, extra-curricular opportunities in this subject and how it links to other subjects and the wider world.

While this information covers a broad range of areas, please do get in touch with the Subject Leader Miss Staines if you have any questions.

Please click on the questions below to find out more.

How are groups organised?

We organise our classes by mixed ability. The students have three one-hour lessons per fortnight.

What characteristics does a successful student have in this subject?

The most successful students in this subject will enjoy learning about different people, places and cultures. Students will be keen to develop skills in urban planning. They will show an awareness of geographical issues within countries such as China. 

What are the key concepts students will study at this level?

  • Urbanisation and migration
  • Urban land use
  • Weather forecasts
  • Causes, impacts and management of storms
  • International trade
  • Sustainability

What will students learn at this level?

Autumn Term - Urban Areas

  1. Defining urban and rural
  2. Settlement Hierarchy
  3. Push and pull factors of migration
  4. Land use in cities
  5. LIC versus HIC cities
  6. Greenfield and Brownfield development
  7. Greenbelt land
  8. New Neighbourhoods for Baldock including a geographical enquiry into the identity of Baldock

Spring Term – Weather and Storm Hazards

  1. Defining weather and climate
  2. Biomes and the link to climate
  3. Factors which influence climate
  4. Climate graphs
  5. Measuring and predicting the weather
  6. The three types of rainfall
  7. Anticyclones versus Depressions
  8. Causes, impacts and management of storm hazards (case study)

Summer Term – Changing China

  1. Perceptions of China
  2. China’s location
  3. Comparing life in rural/urban China with life in the UK
  4. Issues in rural China
  5. Rural-urban migration
  6. The One Child Policy
  7. China’s international connections
  8. China’s trading relationship with the world and in particular Africa
  9. Environmental issues
  10. Development of sustainable cities (case study)

What skills will students develop at this level?

  • Map skills
  • Research skills
  • Literacy and numeracy skills
  • Atlas skills
  • Design skills
  • Teamwork
  • Problem solving
  • Communication skills
  • Analytical and evaluative skills
  • Geographical enquiry
  • Visual literacy

How will students learn at this level?

  • Teacher-led explanations
  • Group work
  • Independent research through books, internet and journals
  • Drawing and labelling diagrams
  • Model making
  • Watching video clips
  • Sequencing the formation of features
  • Note taking
  • Analysis of information to answer questions about people or places
  • Creating and analysing maps and data

How will students’ learning be assessed at this level?

Topic 1- Urban Areas

You will create your own New Neighbourhoods for Baldock development map and write a letter to our MP explaining the layout and sustainability of your design. This will take the form of a project which is completed at school and as homework.

Topic 2- Weather and Storm Hazards

You will be assessed by an end-of-topic test made up of multiple-choice, short and long-answer questions.

Topic 3- Changing China

You will combine your classwork with extra research carried out in the library to write a newspaper report focussing on how China has changed economically, socially and environmentally in the last 30-40 years. This will be completed at school and as homework.

When do key assessments take place?

Topic 1- Urban Areas

End of Autumn term.

Topic 2- Weather and Storm Hazards

Mid-way through Spring term.

Topic 3- Changing China

Summer term.

How can parents/carers support students’ learning?

  • Encourage you to keep up with news events around the world related to the topics you are studying with a particular focus on urban planning, weather and storm hazards and China.
  • Encourage you to take pride in your work and make sure that notes in your book or folder are useful and in order.
  • Encourage you to research events or processes in further detail using the internet, documentaries or other sources.
  • Give feedback and suggestions when completing homework tasks, revision and assessed projects.
  • Encourage you to watch TV programmes with a geographical focus, e.g. look out for Geoggle Box.
  • Visit a variety of places (local or further afield) and take an interest in their physical and human characteristics. 

What equipment do students need for this subject?

Essential school equipment

Colouring pencils

How does this subject link to other subjects?

  • Maths- use of graphical and statistical skills
  • Art- drawing skills
  • History- ability to interpret photos or other figures
  • English- extended writing and use of good spelling, punctuation and grammar

What websites or resources may be helpful to support students’ learning?

What extra-curricular or enrichment opportunities are available for students in this subject at this level?


What sort of careers can this subject lead to?

As it is such a wide-ranging subject, Geography can open up a wide range of careers for you! See the website below for more information: https://www.rgs.org/geography/choose-geography/careers/

What does student work look like in this subject at this level?


How does this subject support a broad and balanced curriculum, meeting the needs of all students, and developing traditional core skills?


How does this subject promote creativity, critical thinking, practice, perseverance and resilience, and making links?


How does this subject encourage enrichment and the development of cultural capital, deep learning, and inclusivity?